Tupac, whose birth name is Lesane Parish Crooks, was born in the Brooklyn neighborhood of New York on June 16, 1971. He was murdered on September 13, 1996, in Las Vegas. His mother was part of the Black Panthers, an African-American revolutionary movement. She spent a few months in prison before the birth of her son. She was imprisoned for having participated in the explosion of bombs in several districts of New York.
Shortly after giving birth, she renamed her son Tupac ‘Shakur’ Amaru in homage to the Peruvian revolutionary. Tupac Amaru, meaning “shining serpent,” and Shakur, “thankful.” Tupac spent his childhood roaming from home to home with his mother, his half-brother and his half-sister.